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Open Access: Green (Free, delayed Open Access)

 

Green Open Access (no cost, delayed)

Green Open Access is the term used to describe making your manuscript available in an online repository. Depending on who funded your research, a subject or funder repository might be available for you e.g. it's common for medical research funders like the Wellcome Trust to require their funded-outputs to be deposited in PubMed. If your funder requires deposit in a subject or funder repository, the details of such requirements should be in your grant award.

If there are no suitable subject or funder repositories relevant to your research, you can self-archive your work in the University of Liverpool Repository via Liverpool Elements. You are not limited to depositing journal articles in the Repository - book chapters, conference presentations, summary reports and other outputs can be deposited and made freely available in this way, provided you have the legal right to do so (for more on this, see the "Copyright and Licences" section).

Most journals will allow only the author's own post-peer review manuscript to be deposited in the Repository (i.e. not the publisher's own copy-edited and formatted version).  There will also be an embargo period, which typically lasts between six and twenty four months after initial formal publication, during which the self-archived version of your paper cannot be made available to the public. 

Different funders specify different maximum embargo periods so please check the section on Open Access policies to ensure you are complying. Below is a summary of the major funders.

Research England (formerly HEFCE)

The Research England policy on open access and the next REF affects all researchers, regardless of who funds their work. In order to make sure that your research is eligible for submission to the next REF, you'll need to comply with this policy.

Publication types: All journal articles and conference proceedings in publications with an ISSN accepted for publication since April 1st 2016 must be deposited in a repository as soon as possible after acceptance. Monographs and book chapters are not included in the policy.

Repository: Author accepted manuscripts should be deposited in Liverpool Elements.

Embargo period: STEM disciplines: 12 months. Arts, humanities and social sciences: 24 months.

APC funding: Gold open access isn't necessary to comply with the policy, but if you'd like to make your work available on this basis you're welcome to apply for open access funding. See the instructions for applying for open access funding.

Full policy: View the full HEFCE policy document.

Still not sure? Email openaccess@liverpool.ac.uk for help.

Research Councils

The Research Councils' policy favour Gold Open Access and there are funds available to make this possible. If you would prefer to make your work available via the Green Open Access route this is fine too. As long as the journal allows you to make your work openly accessible within the maximum embargo periods (see below) you will still be compliant.

Publication types: Peer-reviewed research articles which acknowledge Research Council funding.

Repository: Author accepted manuscripts should be deposited in Liverpool Elements.

Embargo period: STEM disciplines: 6 months. Arts, humanities and social sciences: 12 months.

APC funding: The Research Councils have provided the university with funds to pay for APCs. Please see here for more information on how to apply for funding.

Licence requirements: Where an APC has been paid for with the Research Councils funding the article must have a Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY). See here for more information on open access and copyright.

Full policy: Full Research Councils policy document

Research data requirements: All research papers should include a statement on how underlying research materials, if applicable, can be accessed. A statement along the lines of "the research materials supporting this publication can be accessed by contacting [insert contact details here]" OR "the research materials supporting this publication can be accessed via [include DOI link to data repository here]" will usually suffice. However, EPSRC have slightly different expectations for those researchers it funds. See the university's Research Data Management website for more information on how you can comply with their policy on research data.

Still not sure? Do the "Tell me how to be open access compliant" quiz or email openaccess@liverpool.ac.uk for help.

Wellcome/Charity Open Access Fund

Wellcome's policy follows a similar theme to the RCUK policy, but there are some differences between the two when it comes to embargo periods and the publication types in scope.

Publication types: Research papers, monographs and book chapters.

Repository: Research papers: Author accepted manuscripts should be deposited in PubMed Central (PMC) and Europe PMC within six months of publication. Publishers often deposit on behalf of the author but not always - check with yours and if not, follow these instructions on the Wellcome Trust website for depositing in PubMed. 
Monographs and book chapters: The author or publisher of research funded by Wellcome should deposit the monograph or book chapter for inclusion in PMC Bookshelf and Europe PMC using the monograph and book chapter deposit form. 

Embargo period: 6 months.

APC funding: The Charities Open Access Fund provides the university with funds to pay for article processing charges in order to make research available on an open access basis. These funds are available for all research that acknowledges Wellcome Trust, Arthritis Research UK, Breast Cancer Campaign, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK and Leukemia & Lymphoma Research funding. Please see here for more information on how to apply for funding.

Licence requirements: Where an APC has been paid for with COAF funding the article must have a Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY). See here for more information on open access and copyright.

Full policy: Full Wellcome policy document.

Still not sure? Do the "Tell me how to be open access compliant" quiz or email openaccess@liverpool.ac.uk for help.

NIHR

NIHR's policy is a bit like the Wellcome Trust policy in that there is a preference for Gold open access, but it's not entirely clear where APC funding comes from. See below for help with open access funding for NIHR funded papers.

Publication types: Peer-reviewed research articles (including review articles not commissioned by publishers, final reports or executive summaries), which are supported in whole or in part by NIHR funding.

Repository: Research papers: Author accepted manuscripts should be deposited in PubMed Central (PMC) and Europe PMC within six months of publication. Publishers often deposit on behalf of the author but not always - check with yours and if not, follow these instructions on the Wellcome Trust website for depositing in PubMed.

Embargo period: 6 months.

APC funding: The NIHR open access policy says "the cost of APCs and other appropriate publication charges will be supported either through the original NIHR award, or where applicable an NIHR Open Access Fund. Researchers will need to contact the awarding NIHR Programme Coordinating Centre to review the correct approach".

If you do not have the funds to cover open access fees in your original award and/or your NIHR Programme Coordinating Centre is not responsive, please apply for open access funding from the institutional open access fund. Instructions for applying are available here.

Full policy: Full NIHR policy document.

Still not sure? Do the "Tell me how to be open access compliant" quiz or email openaccess@liverpool.ac.uk for help.

Horizon 2020

Much like the HEFCE policy, the Horizon 2020 policy on open access mandates deposit into a repository, though acceptable embargo periods are shorter. In most cases, however, complying with the HEFCE policy will enable you to comply with the Horizon 2020 policy. 

Publication types: All publications acknowledging Horizon 2020 funding.

Repository: Author accepted manuscripts should be deposited in Liverpool Elements.

Embargo period: STEM disciplines: 6 months. Arts, humanities and social sciences: 12 months.

APC funding: If you wish to make your work available on a Gold open access basis, open access fees should be paid for from the research grant. If these funds have been exhausted, please apply for funding through the institutional open access fund. Instructions for applying for open access funding are available here.

Licence requirements: If an APC has been paid for, please make your work available under a CC-BY licence.

Full policy: Full Horizon 2020 open access policy.

Still not sure? Do the "Tell me how to be open access compliant" quiz or email openaccess@liverpool.ac.uk for help.

Other funders

Other funders may have their own open access policies. You should check with yours or contact openaccess@liverpool.ac.uk for advice.

 

 

 

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