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Copyright: Information for Teachers

Introduction for teachers


There are various ways you can use copyrighted material in your teaching - either directly in Lectures, or posted onto VITAL - without having to gain permission first or risk infringing copyright law.


Use of Materials in Lectures and Lecture Capture:

Built into the UK copyright law are ‘Acts Permitted in relation to Copyright Works’.

These acts are often referred to as ‘Copyright Exceptions’ i.e. exceptions to copyright law.

Copyright Exceptions and Lectures:

Copyright exceptions allow LIMITED use of copyrighted material for educational purposes in lectures WITHOUT having to gain permission and WITHOUT infringing copyright law.

Copyright Exceptions for Education:

  • The material is included solely to illustrate a point;
  • The material is included for the purpose of criticism or review;
  • The material is being used for quotation;
  • The material is included for the purpose of caricature, parody or pastiche;

Fair Dealing:

For ANY of the above copyright exceptions to be applied, the use of the material must ALSO come under the concept of ‘fair-dealing’ i.e.

  • The amount of the material used must be reasonable and appropriate to the specific purpose - usually only part of a work may be used.
  • Use of the material must not interfere with the commercial interests of the rights holder
  • The material must not be used for commercial purposes;
  • The material must be accompanied by a sufficient acknowledgement/attribution;

Further information is given in the individual resource headings, below.


Use of Materials in VITAL:

The University of Liverpool holds a licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA), which allows staff to scan either ONE WHOLE CHAPTER from a book / ONE WHOLE ARTICLE from a journal issue OR 10% of the whole publication, whichever amount is greater, from permitted copyright works and upload them to VITAL in order to support teaching and learning.

BUT you have to comply with the terms of the licence for each item uploaded to VITAL and show you have done so by prefacing each scan with a Copyright Notice.


There are 3 options for ensuring you meet the terms of the Licence:


  • Complete the online Digitisation Request Form – which will automatically check the terms have been met.
    • If copyright cleared, the Library will scan the item and return it to you with the required Copyright Notice.
    • If you already have a pdf of the requested chapter/article you can supply this with the form and the system will attach the Copyright Notice to your pdf for you.


  • Use the Library's Digitisation Service which will automatically check materials for copyright-clearance, digitise the materials and embed the scans within Reading Lists @ Liverpool (contact your Liaison Librarian to find out how). You may also use the link provided to the scan and Copyright Notice in VITAL.


  • Complete a Copyright Notice Form - to show YOU have manually checked the terms have been met. You need to send this form to your Liaison Librarian for reporting to the CLA. See the instructions in 'Procedures for VITAL', below.


Information for Teachers