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Engineering: Standards & Patents

ASTM Standards

British Standards

Standards and Patents

Standards are codes of best practice containing technical specifications and guidelines.

ASTM Standards 
University of Liverpool students and staff have access to the full text of ASTM Standards via ASTM International.  
Off campus use a browser via Apps Anywhere

British Standards and ISO Standards
University of Liverpool students and staff have access to the full text of British Standards via British Standards Online
Off campus use a browser via Apps Anywhere
Often an ISO International Standard will have a direct British Standard equivalent and therefore be accessible via this route. 

IEEE Standards
University of Liverpool students and staff have access to the full text of IEEE Standards via via IEEE Xplore

Other foreign standards are more difficult to track down: some Websites are listed on the next tab.  If you need a foreign standard, the most economical way to source it is by Interlibrary Loan.

Patents are granted by a government for a novel invention for a limited period of time. The patent gives the creator of an invention exclusive rights to make, use and sell that invention for a set period of time. It also prevents others from making, using or selling the invention without express permission from the patent holder.

Patents are tricky to search as their language is often deliberately opaque. 

As a first choice, search Espacenet from the European Patent Office (EPO).

Other patent Websites are listed on the next tab.

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