Library Referencing Guide
For additional support for referencing styles and software, see the Library's full Referencing Library Guide.
What is Referencing and Plagiarism?
When you write your assignment or dissertation you are required to refer to the work of authors. Each time you do so, it is necessary to identify their work by making reference to it in your written work. You need to reference to:
- Show where your information came from.
- Allow your reader to identify your sources and verify your data.
- See our Principles of Referencing guide (online staff please embed this permalink: http://s.liv.ac.uk/365), also see Cite them Right and Skills4Study below for an online/interactive introduction to referencing.
- Referencing styles are outlined below. You should consult your programme handbook or instructor to ensure you are using the correct Referencing Style.
- Plagiarism is using the ideas, concepts or written material of others without proper acknowledgement of these sources. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense. Please see our guide Plagiarism and how to avoid it (online staff please embed this permalink: http://s.liv.ac.uk/99).
Cite them Right Online
Cite them Right Online is a digital version of the 'Cite them Right' textbook providing a wide range of advice on referencing, for a demonstration see this Youtube video or visit Cite them Right Online. You do not need to create an account in Cite them Right, just follow the link to Cite them Right Online, you may be asked for your UoL (MWS) login details. Also see this tutorial provided on understanding referencing.
The Library also provides Skills4Study, for advice on a range of academic writing skills and referencing. When you visit Skills4Study for the first time, you may need to accept the Terms and Conditions by completing a form, later you will simply need to visit Skills4Study and input your UoL (MWS) login when prompted. For assistance please see our online guide to getting started using Skills4Study.
Citation Management Platforms
Citation management applications can assist you in keeping track of your references and for performing tasks such as automatic export of citations from databases or generating a bibliography for use in your academic work. You can also use tools such as browser plugins to quickly export citations viewed in databases, scholarly sources or Web sites into your reference list. Plugins are also provided for managing citations in your reference list directly in Word, this integration is optional and will require your document has a live connection to the Internet when using Web based citation platforms, citation plugins for Word will also populate your document with field codes linking to your citation system; if you choose yo use citation management plugins for Word you should ensure you maintain full/regular backups of your academic work.
Note - The Library will be moving to EndNote products in the 2021 academic year, for students planning on using citation management products for the first time, please consider EndNote Online for a Web-based citation management system (see details below).
Refworks - Supported on a Legacy Basis until Autumn 2021
If you wish to begin using a citation system (and are not a current RefWorks user), you are recommended to use EndNote Online - please see advice above.
Important note - the Library is replacing the RefWorks citation platform with ‘EndNote Online’ (and ‘EndNote Desktop’ as a personal download). The RefWorks platform will continue to be supported on a legacy basis, with support ceasing 31 August 2021.
Note - RefWorks will not be withdrawn until the end of the current online partnership with Laureate. There should be no disruption for current students with Laureate.
Any online students remaining in studies after RefWorks support ceases (31 August 2021) should see guidance below to transfer reference libraries to EndNote Online (you should ensure you transfer your library in advance of this date).
Students engaged in studies beyond August 2021
If you will be studying beyond August 2021 (end of support for RefWorks), you should consider transferring your reference library to EndNote Online, see our RefWorks support site for transfer instructions, note - if you will be using the RefWorks Word plugin (Write N Cite) within academic documents after August 2021, or require further help transferring your library earlier please contact the Librarian for advice.
You can log into RefWorks at: http://refworks.com For legacy guides on Refworks see our RefWorks support page
For further help and advice on RefWorks or EndNote Online/Desktop please contact your Librarian for advice.
When you submit your academic work online your work will be evaluated for plagiarism in the Turnitin system. You should enclose all references in quotation marks "" to prevent Turnitin recording the reference as plagiarism.If you are required to submit work in Turnitin. You should also use quotation marks to enclose quotations of your own previously-submitted work otherwise a plagiarism occurrence will be activated in Turnitin. Our Principles of Referencing guide provides detailed information on self-referencing.
Other resources to support your referencing...